On-Line Resources for Teaching and Learning about APEC and Modern Asia in World History
Marc Jason Gilbert
The following guide was prepared as part of a workshop on Modern Asia and APEC in World History held in Honolulu, Hawai'i on October 15, 2011. The workshop was held prior to the meeting of APEC in that city later that fall. The workshop was a feature of the first annual meeting of the World History Association of Hawai'i, sponsored by the History Department of Hawai'i Pacific University.
1. Teaching about APEC Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC)
APEC is a forum for 21 Pacific Rim countries (formally Member Economies) that seeks to promote free trade and economic cooperation. For teaching resources, see:
For studying APEC on CD-ROM, go to:
2. Background on APEC for the 2011 Meeting
3. What is bad about APEC?
"Whatever: a new collection of later essays, 1987-2001"
By Carmen Guerrero Nakpil at:
4. Occupy Honolulu from Pacific Business News
Date: Monday, October 10, 2011, 7:06am HST
About 100 people calling themselves "Occupy Honolulu," aligned with the "Occupy Wall Street" movement that has been protesting Wall Street in New York, gathered in Chinatown Gateway Park in Honolulu over the weekend.
The group had a number of issues in addition to frustration with big business, including funding for education and social programs, small business and protesting the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation meetings in Honolulu next month. The newspaper reports that members of the group planned to return to the park at the corner of Hotel and Bethel streets on Monday to work on their identity.
5. Wall Street—Preview for APEC? The View from the Right:
6. The Perfect Storm Cartoon
7. Art Demonstration Workshop Takes Aim at APEC
14 October: Check out the KGMB coverage of last night's workshop. It begins:
HONOLULU (HawaiiNewsNow) – There's less than a month before the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation summit comes to Oahu. And a group of some50 people got together at the multi-media art lounge at 39 Hotel Thursday night to demonstrate against APEC and discuss it — using art.
Most of the messages were against APEC; the most straightforward one said simply, "APEC sucks." People could bring their own t-shirts, and silkscreen the message themselves. Read on at: http://www.hawaiinewsnow.com/story/15692425/art-demonstration-workshop-takes-aim-at-apec
8. Teaching about the Pacific Rim
Teaching about the Pacific Rim. [http://www.ericdigests.org/pre-929/rim.htm]This is an essay which explores ways that teachers can instruct American students about the Pacific Rim. This includes advice on teaching Pacific history.
9. Teaching About/Resources for Southeast Asia and the Pacific Rim
http://www.aasianst.org/CTA/northernillinois.html: SEAsite (an interactive, multimedia set of teaching resources for studying Southeast Asian languages, literatures, and cultures on the World Wide Web), www.seasite.niu.edu; the Center for Southeast Asian Studies website (www.niu.edu/cseas/) has teaching modules and other teaching resources on SEAsia; many videos, books and slides on SEAsia are available for use by area teachers and students from the Center's Outreach office; a new introductory textbook on SEAsia by Clark Neher, Southeast Asia: Crossroads of the World, as well as many other publications are available through the Center's Publications office (www.niu.edu/cseas/seap).
Model Lesson Plans
SEAArch – The Southeast Asian Archaeology Newsblog
Hoi An in danger of being washed away by floods
19 November 2007 (Thanh Nien News) – The historic buildings of Hoi An, a UNESCO World Heritage Site in Vietnam is in danger of being damaged and washed away by floods.
You might also be interested
10. Modern East Asia
Asia for Educators http://afe.easia.columbia.edu/ Everything you need. See also:
UCLA Center for East Asian Studies Resources on Japan
http://www.international.ucla.edu/eas/japan/. Includes a 'Two Minute Japan" lesson.
Also, the Center's Lesson Plan List at: http://www.international.ucla.edu/eas/japan/lessons/introduction.htm
Teacher's Resource Guide and Japanese Art and Culture Outreach Kit at http://jsma.uoregon.edu/Post/sections/47/Files/Japan_kit.pdf
Columbia University Asian for Educators, Japan at
Contemporary Japan for Teachers at
Films about Japan (2000)
Starting Points for Finding
Online Lesson Plans and Teaching Resources
The Japan in World History Teaching Module at
The Japan Teaching Module consists of two geography components, as well as components in world history and physical science. This module is designed to be used in educational methods courses, institutes and workshops for practicing teachers, and in introductory human and physical geography, physical science, and world history high school and undergraduate survey courses. The four components include three common features: authors designed each component to encompass a relatively short (one to two week range) amount of classroom or outside study time, each component contains content and digital material particularly applicable to classrooms, and each contains additional resources on particular topics for interested educators or students. Module authors are all University of Tennessee at Chattanooga faculty, Lucien Ellington, Module Project Director (and also editor of Education about Asia).
Samurai Women in World History
Samurai Sisters: Early Feudal Japan at http://www.womeninworldhistory.com/sample-08.html.
Japanese History Textbook Controversies
Japan in World History from http://spice.stanford.edu/docs/169
Today in Japanese History
History, 1800 to Present: Japan: Teaching
Knight/Samurai and Lord/Daimyo: Should We
Compare European Feudalism to Japan?~AP World History,
Edo Japan, A Virtual Tour
The "Seclusion" of Japan~AP
World History, 1450-1750.
The Meiji Restoration and Modernization~AP
World History, 1750-1914.
The Meiji Restoration and the Emergence of
Industrialized Japan~AP World History, 1750-1914.
20th Century Japan
History As Literature, Literature As History:
Lost Names: Scenes from a Korean Boyhood by Richard Kim
Dropping the Bomb on Hiroshima and Nagasaki
History through Film
The Alan G. Chalk Guides to Japanese Films
11. Modern Asian in World History through links:
The career arc of leading personalities in the rise of modern Korea, such as Syngman Rhee (http://www.hartford-hwp.com/archives/55a/186.html and http://us.cnn.com/SPECIALS/cold.war/kbank/profiles/rhee/) and much of the history of postwar Japan was shaped by the Korean War (http://mcel.pacificu.edu/as/students/stanley/home.html). The nature of the Korean economy and the dominant role of large corporate entities, chaebol, in postwar Korea are explored at http://www.country-data.com/cgi-bin/query/r-12303.html and http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/in_depth/business/2000/review/1037276.stm, where they are compared with Japanese keiretsu.
The life of General Douglas MacArthur and the art and society of the occupation or "Confusion" era in Japan are the subject of a brilliant Smithsonian exhibition available online at http://www.smithsonianeducation.org/migrations/sackler/saltfore.html. Japan's difficulty in accepting responsibility for its wartime atrocities, particularly the abuse of Korean and other Asian women by Japanese occupation troops, is discussed at http://online.sfsu.edu/~soh/comfortwomen.html, http://online.sfsu.edu/~soh/cw-links.htm (a links page), and http://taiwan.yam.org.tw/womenweb/conf_women/index_e.html .
Takahashi's role in the building of the modern Japanese economy and his conflict with the war party led by Tojo Hideki is examined at http://www.ndl.go.jp/portrait/e/datas/122.html?c=0 and http://www.ier.hit-u.ac.jp/Common/publication/DP/DP395.pdf. The place of Takahashi's policies in today's Japan is examined at http://www.atimes.com/Japan-econ/AB12Dh01.html.
Much of the postwar recovery of east Asian economies was due to close cooperation between business and government, which recently has been criticized even in Japan, where politicians have been caught with trunks full of cash provided by leading Japanese companies. This pattern was followed by the eastern Pacific Rim's economic tigers as part of an authoritarian development strategy, most clearly expressed by Singapore's Lee Kwan Yew, who has made comparisons between himself and Machiavelli (http://www.sfdonline.org/Link%20Pages/Link%20Folders/Political%20Freedom/Machiavelli.html). However, a recent economic recession in the region, discussed in an audio file by Lee Kwan Yew himself at http://www.rice.edu/rtv/speeches/19981023lee.html, has forced some to question whether the east Asian model of economic growth is worthy of emulation elsewhere. A close look at the causes and lessons of the Asian economic crisis of the 1990s (and just now abating) is explored at http://www.parliament.uk/commons/lib/research/rp99/rp99-014.pdf.
The Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution is examined at http://library.thinkquest.org/26469/cultural-revolution/ . A virtual tour of the Cultural Revolution, including files of documents and personal reminiscences, is located at http://www.cnd.org/CR/english/
Art played a major role in the "Cultural" revolution, as is borne out by two exhibitions "Rethinking Cultural Revolution Culture" (http://www.sino.uni-heidelberg.de/conf/propaganda/) and "Picturing Power: Art and Propaganda in the Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution," http://kaladarshan.arts.ohio-state.edu/exhib/poster/exhibintro.html.
The story of the Red Guards as viewed through their songs can be explored at http://www.indiana.edu/~easc/resources/working_paper/noframe_10b_song.htm. Red Guard attacks on teachers is discussed at http://www.cnd.org/CR/english/articles/violence.htm. The nature of the Peoples' Liberation Army is described at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/People's_Liberation_Army.
The limits of the recent movement toward liberalization in China, and by extension in the remaining communist nations, were tested during the student occupation of Tiananmen Square in 1989. A Web site exploring this event (http://www.tsquare.tv/) offers film and music clips, a photo gallery, and a transcript of Deng Xiaoping's June 9, 1989, speech declaring martial law.
The transcript of the Public Broadcasting Company's superb documentary on the protests in China in 1989 can be found at http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/pages/frontline/gate/. See also http://www.historywiz.com/demonstration.htm. The National Security Archives' briefing book on the Tiananmen Square protests (http://www.gwu.edu/~nsarchiv/NSAEBB/NSAEBB16/) contains a wealth of documents. Still photography of the protests, their repression and ongoing efforts at democratization in China is offered at http://www.christusrex.org/www1/sdc/tiananmen.html. A 360 degree moving pan of Square can be accessed at http://www.roundtiananmensquare.com/.
A balanced survey of Vietnamese history encompassing the Vietnamese revolution and its aftermath can be found at http://www.viettouch.com/history/.
The Web is particularly rich in sites documenting Vietnam's wars for national liberation, including the Emperor Bao Dai's letter of abdication of August 25, 1945, Vietnam's Declaration of Independence of September 2, 1945 (http://www.vwip.org/doc-top.html and http://www.vwip.org/vwiphome.html), the Viet Cong's Program of 1962 (http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/mod/1962vietcong1.html). Large collections of a host of American documents on the war can be viewed at http://depts.vassar.edu/~vietnam/, http://www.mtholyoke.edu/acad/intrel/vietnam.htm and http://www.vietnam.ttu.edu/virtualarchive/.
A site devoted to reflecting on the service of American women in Vietnam can be found at http://www.vietvet.org/women.htm. Those Vietnamese women who followed their female ancestors into battle (see http://womenshistory.about.com/od/trung1/) receive treatment at:
http://www.gendergap.com/military/Warriors-2.htm, http://www.onlinewomeninpolitics.org/vietnam/vietleads.htm, http://www.library.wisc.edu/guides/SEAsia/vnimage/women.htm and http://www.library.wisc.edu/guides/SEAsia/vnimage/rsponsib.htm. American and Vietnamese wartime propaganda is collected at http://www.library.wisc.edu/guides/SEAsia/vnimage/vnintro.htm#links, http://www.i-kirk.info/2nd14th/propag1.html, http://members.aol.com/_ht_a/firstbn6thin/VCpropaganda.html, http://currahee.hispeed.com/his1stbnvnmemo04.html, http://www.parascope.com/articles/0497/phoenix.htm, http://www.landscaper.net/propgand.htm.
Audio feed and visual images of Robert McNamara's speech on the instability of the Republic of Vietnam, President Johnson's announcement of his decision not to run for reelection and focus on a negotiated settlement of the war, the screams of students reacting to a National Guard unit's shooting of passers-by as well as antiwar demonstrators at Kent State University, and President Nixon's announcement that he had achieved peace with honor in Vietnam can all be found at http://www.historychannel.com/speeches/index.html.
Marc Jason Gilbert is the National Endowment for the Humanities Endowed Chair in World History and Professor of History at Hawaii Pacific University. He is also principal editor of World History Connected. He can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org.
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